I played a musical instrument for _________, until ____________. 6. paragraph段落: 幾個句子就形成一個段落。每個段落都有一個主旨,短的, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin    P.8. Jessie Lin, 英文的可數名詞的複數後面要加s。加s的規則與動詞在現在簡單式主詞為第三人稱單數時類似。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。, stamp-stamps, letter-letters, 人稱代名詞  9. (  S       V              )                            –adverb clause. 4. 如:elect, vote, appoint, consider, label, designate, name, prove, declare. He’s one meter 85.

B: Well, we’ll have to phone ________ airline. I don’t have many books.I don’t have any books. 1 when we say that something belongs to someone: They showed us their holiday photographs. I usually get up at 8 o’clock.She starts work at 8.30. She lives on Oak Street.

連接詞 (conjunctions):用來連接單字 (words)、片語 (phrases)或子句 (clauses)。注意連接詞所連接的詞性必須一致。. 當名詞字尾是有聲子音如/r/, /n/, /l/,/d/等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。, car-cars, pen-pens, hole-holes, hand-hands,

I don’t have much money.I don’t have any money. He lives on the first floor. I learned to ride a bicycle in ________, when ___________________. 當名詞字尾為/s/, /z/, / ʃ /, / tʃ /, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ ɪz/。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如place就是這一類。, bus-buses, house-houses, quiz-quizzes, dish-dishes, watch-watches, page-pages, 複數名詞的拼字與發音規則                       並合句是由對等連接詞(and, but, so, for, or, nor, yet)將兩個獨立子句連接. 『考え方をシンプルに、自分自身をアップデート』を信念として、英語をシンプルかつ論理的に扱っています。 Therefore, I made myself a sandwich.

2, 3. 5, 5.

I can’t live without coffee. 5.

B: I’m not sure.

三種子句的簡介 6. 1 比方說在水裡游的魚 fish 是可數的 a fish, two fish (單複數同型),但是桌上的魚肉 fish 是不可數的,地上走的雞 a chicken, two chickens 是可數的,但是桌上的雞肉 chicken 就是不可數的,前面可以加 some 。, 2 另外蛋糕,披薩,西瓜等作為可數的話都是指一整個 a cake, a pizza, a watermelon,但是切開來一片一片的時候是不可數的,要數的時候要用 slice 或 piece 去數, a piece of cake, a slice of pizza, a piece of watermelon, 3 通常可數名詞是比較確切的 specific ,不可數名詞是比較一般性的 general. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening? He writes his girlfriend a love letter every day. I like. They traveled in France from March to May.

I was feeling hungry. Fulong is on the north-east coast of Taiwan. There are many apples on the table. stimulus-stimuli, analysis-analyses, basis-bases, crisis-crises. I couldn’t decide where I should work or what I should do, so I did, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin    P.9, 形容詞子句adjective clause就是整個子句當形容詞用,一定是用來修飾名詞。, 副詞子句adverb clause當然是當副詞用,像時間子句、條件子句等這些都是副詞子句,整個子句當副詞用,用來修飾動詞或整個句子。, 而子句clause也有主詞跟動詞,語意完整子句叫獨立子句independent clause,也就是相當於一個句子。主要我們這裡說的子句都是非獨立子句dependent clause,雖然有了主詞跟動詞,但是語意不完整,需要其他成分來幫助它成為一個完整的句子。也就是它要犧牲小我,充當名詞、形容詞、或副詞,來幫助形成一個完整的句子。看下面的例子可能會更清楚。. a. Time is money. car-cars, pen-pens, hole-holes, hand-hands, 現在式與過去式什麼時候用 do does / did 造問句 什麼時候用 am is are / was were 造問句. A: All their flights are fully booked. Complete these questions, dialogues, using one, another, other, or others. Let’s go to another restaurant for a change. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?

12 Can I borrow ten thousand dollars?

Could we change our meeting to _________ date? 第 5 文型 : s + v + o + c の受動態 文型と受動態 能動態を受動態に変えるときは能動態の目的語が受動態の主語になるため、受動態の文にすることができる能動態の文型は、目的語のある第 3, 4, 5 文型となり … One of our jobs is/are to prevent crime happening in the first place.

city-cities, party-parties, wife-wives, life-lives, wolf-wolves, / Life is too short. However, there are dangers. 複合句是把一個或一個以上的從屬連接詞(如because, although, when. 當名詞字尾為 fe 或 f 時,需將 fe 或 f 去掉,加 ves 。 wife-wives, life-lives, wolf-wolves, leaf-leaves.

【動名詞】①構文の訳し方②間接疑問文における疑問詞の訳し方 【関係詞】1文の中に動詞が2つある場合について。 【仮定法】Had it not been for …が表す意味 【文の種類】Is, Doesで始まる疑 … 3, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.30, 1. addresses  2. foxes  3. brushes  4. desks  5. computers  6. faces, 7. guys  8. lists  9. losses  10. patches  11. poppies  12. plays, 13. replies  14. videos  15. beliefs  16. wives, 1. is   2. is  3. isn’t, think  4. are  5. work  6. have  7. is  8. is  9. has, 1. yours 2. her, their  3. them  4. their  5. hers  6. watch-watches, box-boxes, quiz-quizzes, baby-babies, country-countries, 可數名詞與不可數名詞 Count Nouns and Non-count Nouns, 名詞 Nouns                                     Jessie Lin   P.2. 4.

in the kitchen, in the yard, in the shower, at the mall, at the library, at the beach, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.24, at home, at school, at work, at church, at Lisa’s house, at a meeting, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.25, b.


But  c. However   d. Despite, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.15, stamp-stamps, letter-letters, camera-cameras, ticket-tickets. It’s not appropriate to take your shoes off at the door.

My name is Jessie Lin. I made myself a sandwich, therefore. 情態助動詞 三:請求允許 Would you, Will you, Could you, Can you ...? 形容詞 (adjectives):用來形容、描述、說明一個名詞或代名詞。形容詞多放在修飾的名詞前或放在連綴動詞後。形容詞有正面的形容詞,負面的形容詞,有比較級,有最高級。, 如:hot, Taiwanese, her, that, some, whose…. / They got some information from the tourist office. the other+複數名詞/the other ones/the others 可以表示同類的物品. at  2. in  3. in  4. in  5. at  6. in  7. at  8. at  9. in  10. in  11. in, at  13. on  14. in  15. at  16. in  17. at  18. at  19. in  20. at  21. in, 一些相似的物件的總稱。如:furniture, baggage, luggage, food, fruit, clothing, garbage, junk, equipment, machine, jewelry, mail, money, traffic, 液體:water, coffee, tea, milk, soup, juice, beer, oil, gasoline, blood, 固體:ice, bread, butter, cheese, meat, glass, paper, wood, wool, 氣體:air, oxygen, carbon dioxide, smoke, pollution, smog, 粒狀,粉狀物(particles):rice, corn, diet, flour, salt, sand, sugar, 抽象概念:love, beauty, confidence, health, education, knowledge, music, advice, information, time, space, progress, peace, sleep, help, 大自然現象:weather, rain, snow, thunder, lightning, sunshine, fire, heat, 一些相似的物件的總稱。如:furniture, baggage, luggage, food, fruit, clothing, garbage, junk, equipment, machinery, jewelry, mail, money, traffic. e. 所有格/數量詞/the+other+複數名詞 可以表示不同的,或那些還沒有被. _______ the new computers are arriving next week, no plans have been made to dispose of the old ones. How about weekend? He bought a diamond engagement ring for his girlfriend last night. 4, 4. Can I have an ice cream? If you're having problems opening Internet Explorer, make sure it's set as your default browser and pin it to your Start screen and taskbar.

3 Would you like some chicken in your sandwich?

criterion-criteria, analysis-analyses, basis-bases, criterion-criteria, phenomenon-phenomena, fungus-fungi. 2. 時間, I need a room. 1. 「中学英語で英文解釈最強説」を提唱している人間。 有些字表達的是集合了多數人或物體的集合,稱為集合名詞。集合名詞為人時,多為可數,如一個班級 a class,一個家庭 a family,一群觀眾 an audience,當把所有人視為一個整體時接單數動詞,重點放在所有的每個成員時則接複數動詞。也會有例外。而美式英語多把集合動詞接單數動詞。表達人的集合名詞如:family, team, club, class, crew, audience, committee. 當名詞字尾是有聲子音如/r/, /n/, /l/,/d/等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。, car-cars, pen-pens, hole-holes, hand-hands, law, laws, day-days, 3. There are many apples in Peter’s kitchen. One flight leaves at five p.m. and the other is at nine. This is my responsibility, although I appreciate your offer. 名詞 (nouns):名詞用來表達人、事、物、地等。英文句子的構成要件就是主詞跟動詞。名詞用來當主詞、受詞與補語。名詞當主詞時放在句首,當受詞與補語時放在動詞後面。主詞一定要是名詞,所以當要表達的字是動詞時,必須把動詞加上ing成為動名詞或加上不定詞to。名詞可以接在其他詞類後形成片語。只有形容詞才可以用來修飾名詞。.

Time flies quickly. 6 There is some furniture in my apartment. belief-beliefs, chief-chiefs, cliff-cliffs. dish-dishes, watch-watches, page-pages, 主格代名詞subject pronouns用來代替前面說過的主詞。主詞一般放在句首,在動詞的前面。, 受格代名詞object pronouns用來代替已經說過的受詞。受詞一般放在動詞的後面。中文的I跟me都一樣是”我”,所以容易弄混淆。一個英文句子一定有主詞跟動詞,只要記住動詞前用主格代名詞,動詞後(有時是介係詞後)用受格代名詞就不會錯了。S+V+O, 所有格代名詞possessive pronouns用來代替前面所說過的名詞,而這個名詞是屬於某人的。所有格代名詞本身已是名詞,所以後面不可以再接名詞。中文的my跟mine都一樣是”我的”,所以容易弄混淆。記得所有格形容詞後面一定要加明詞,而所有格代名詞後面一定不可以加名詞,應該就不會錯了。, 1 yours 2. her, their  3. them  4. their  5. hers  6. He lives in Room 4B. _________ are our new neighbors. c. another一定是單數,後面不可以加複數名詞。I met another people. Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.

other+複數名詞/other ones/others 可以表示同類物品中,除了以提過的. I went to elementary school until __________ , until ___________. clothes, pants, jeans, scissors這些字複數名詞,沒有單數,後面接複數動詞。, news, politics, mathematics, measles這些字為不可數名詞,後面接單數動詞。, means, species, series, 這些字單複數同型,可以當單數,也可以當複數。. 八個詞性 2.

Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning? A: Is the company you work for big? Would you rather take a written or an oral exam? The system is not only complicated but also inefficient.

基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.12, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.14. 11 Can you lend me some money? 紙, Can I have a glass of water? Tom has a stomachache because he ate five hamburgers. My father is very tall. / Can I borrow some money? 10 I’d like two coffees and three bottles of mineral water. She doesn’t believe that Tom ate five hamburgers. Tom thinks Mary is wonderful. criterion-criteria, analysis-analyses, basis-bases. on the plane/train/bus/MRT/boat/ferry/ship/MRT/bike/motorcycle, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.22, on a diet, on fire, on duty, on purpose, on sale, on business, on vacation,           on my own, on loan, on a trip, on campus, on the second floor, in the road, in the mirror, in bed, in hospital, in prison, in your tea, in. He was talking on the phone while he was driving. 1, 7.

The moon goes round the earth, and the earth goes round the sun.

Is that your umbrella? We’re having a party in _our____ house. Ray agreed with me but my other friends said I was wrong.

I took these photos. Ling lived in Sao Paulo _______ six years. 1. Do you have a lot of money?Do you have any money? When  c. Although  d. Whereby, as much as  b. due to  c. because  d. in case  e. because of. Today they are at a café with their friends Mandy and Jack, so Tom can’t get romantic with Mary. Every policeman is/are given special training for the job. 集合名詞為人時,多半為可數,如一個班級 a class,一個家庭 a family,一群觀眾 an audience,當把所有人視為一個整體時接單數動詞,重點放在所有的每個成員時則接複數動詞。也會有例外。而美式英語多把集合名詞接單數動詞。表達人的集合名詞如:family, team, club, class, crew, audience, committee, 事物或抽象概念的集合名詞則多為不可數。如:furniture, baggage, luggage, clothing, jewelry, music, poetry, food, … 等。. OをCの状態に保つ keep. 對等連接詞 coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, yet, so, 從屬連接詞 subordinating conjunctions: if, before, because, when, 關係連接詞 correlative conjunctions: either…or, neither…nor, both…and, whether…or, not only…but also, noun clause 名詞子句 that Tom ate five hamburgers, adjective clause 形容詞子句 who ate five hamburgers, adverb clause 副詞子句 because Tom ate five hamburgers. 一人にしておいてくれ。 call O C 【日本語訳】 OをCと呼ぶ 【例文】 We call him Ken. 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.28, f.  the other+單數名詞/the other one/the other 可以用來表示先前還. One flight leaves at five p.m. and the other leaves at nine. They moved to Seattle.